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COMPOSERS OF THE ROMANTIC ERA

 

The Romantic Era in music is defined as the period in European classical music from around 1803, when Beethoven wrote his Eroica Symphony to around the end of the 19th century.

 The Romantic period was preceded by the classical period, and was followed by the modernist period

Romantic music is related to romanticism in literature, visual arts, and philosophy Romantic music struggled to increase emotional expression and power to describe these deeper truths, while preserving or even extending the formal structures from the classical period.

Early Romantic (1800-1850)

By the second decade of the 19th century, the shift towards new sources of musical inspiration, along with an increasing chromaticism in melody and more expressive harmony, became a palpable stylistic shift. A new generation of composers emerged in post-Napoleonic Europe, among whom were Beethoven, Ludwg Spohr, E.T.A. Hoffmann, Carl Maria von Weber and Franz Schubert. Beethoven was extremely influential as among the first composers to work freelance rather than being employed full-time by a royal or ecclesiastic patron. The chromatic melodies of Muzio Clementi and the stirring operatic works of Rossini, Cherubini and Méhul, also had an influence. The setting of folk poetry and songs for voice and piano, to serve a growing market of middle-class homes where private music-making was becoming an essential part of domestic life, was also becoming an important source of income for composers. Works of this group of early Romantics include the song cycles and later symphonies of Franz Schubert, and the operas of Weber, particularly OberonDer Freischütz and Euryanthe. Schubert's work found limited contemporary audiences, and only gradually had a wider impact. In contrast, the compositions of John Field quickly became well-known, partly because he had a gift for creating small "characteristic" piano forms and dances. Early Romantic composers of a slightly later generation included Fran Liszt, Felix Mendelssohn, Frédéric Chopin, and Hector Berlioz. All were born in the 19th century, and produced works of lasting value early in their careers. Virtuoso concerts ) became immensely popular. This phenomenon was pioneered by Niccolò Paganini, the famous violin virtuoso.The virtuoso piano recital became particularly popular, and often included improvisations on popular themes, and the performance of shorter compositions as well as longer works such as the sonatas of Beethoven and Mozart. During the late 1830s and 1840s, music of Romantic expression became generally accepted, even expected.The music of Robert Schumann, Giacomo Meyerbeer and the young Giuseppe Verdi continued the trends. Also in the 1830s and 1840s Richard Wagner produced his first successful operas.

Late Romantic Era (1850-1900)

During this period, some composers created styles and forms associated with their national folk cultures. The notion that there were "German" and "Italian" styles had long been established in writing on music, but the late 19th century saw the rise of a nationalist Russian style (Glinka, Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Tchaikovsky and Borodin), and also Czech, Finnish and French nationalist styles of composition. Some composers were expressly nationalistic in their objectives, seeking to rediscover their country's national identity in the face of occupation or oppression, as did for example the Bohemians Bedřich Smetana and Antonín Dvořák, and the Finn Jean Sibelius

 

JIGSAWS OF FAMOUS COMPOSERS through the ages.

Click on an image for the jigsaw. Click on the title for more information about the composer.

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20th CENTURY
The century is divided roughly in half; composers 1800-1850 and composers 1850-1900

 

Here are some of the Early Romantic Composers
glinka - online jigsaw puzzle - 42 pieces
mendelssohnf - online jigsaw puzzle - 42 pieces chopin-sketch1 - online jigsaw puzzle - 40 pieces schumann - online jigsaw puzzle - 42 pieces liszt2 - online jigsaw puzzle - 40 pieces
Glinka 1804-1857 Burgmuller 1806-1874 Mendelssohn 1807-1847 Chopin 1810-1849 Schumann 1810-1856 Liszt 1811-1886
verdi2 - online jigsaw puzzle - 42 pieces
StephenHeller - online jigsaw puzzle - 40 pieces franck - online jigsaw puzzle - 42 pieces smetana - online jigsaw puzzle - 42 pieces
Alkan 1813-1888 Verdi 1813-1901
Wagner 1813-1883
Heller 1814-1888 Franck 1822-1890 Smetana 1824-1884
borodin - online jigsaw puzzle - 42 pieces brahms - online jigsaw puzzle - 40 pieces
Strauss 2nd 1825-1899 Rubinstein 1829-1894 Borodin 1833-1887 Brahms 1833-1897 Cui 1835-1918 Bizet 1838-1875

Here are some of the Late Romantic Composers

griege - online jigsaw puzzle - 40 pieces rimsky-korsakov - online jigsaw puzzle - 42 pieces
Saint-Saens 1835-1921 Tchaikowsky 1840-1893
Dvorak 1841-1904 Grieg 1843-1907 Rimsky-Korsakov1844-1908
faure - online jigsaw puzzle - 40 pieces albeniz - online jigsaw puzzle - 63 pieces debussy - online jigsaw puzzle - 63 pieces
Faure 1845-1924 Albeniz 1860-1909
Debussy 1862-1918
Delius 1862-1934 Sibelius 1865-1957
busoni2 - online jigsaw puzzle - 40 pieces satie - online jigsaw puzzle - 40 pieces scriabin - online jigsaw puzzle - 40 pieces rachmaninov4 - online jigsaw puzzle - 40 pieces
Busoni 1866-1924 Satie 1866-1925 Scriabin 1872-1915 Rachmaninov 1873-1943 Ravel 1875-1938

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